浙江快乐彩号码 www.dxzlh.com 摘 要： 黃飛鴻作為嶺南文化的重要代表人物之一,其生平事跡廣為傳播。在講好中國故事,傳播中華文化的大背景下,整理嶺南名人的民俗敘事資料,并做好外宣翻譯,于對外傳播嶺南文化具有重要意義。以收集整理黃飛鴻民俗敘事為前提,研究敘事翻譯規律為基礎,對黃飛鴻民俗敘事中的人物生平部分進行翻譯整理,為更多研究黃飛鴻人物生平的民俗敘事及翻譯提供借鑒。
關鍵詞： 民俗敘事; 黃飛鴻; 人物生平翻譯;
1、 出生(Huang Feihong's Birth)
Huang Feihong,formerly named Huang Xixiang,was born in Xiluzhou Village,Xiqiaoling,Nanhai District,Foshan.He was born in Foshan on the ninth day of the seventh lunar month in the sixth year of Emperor Xianfeng of the Qing Dynasty (1856).During his childhood and boyhood,he lived in Foshan.From the age of six,he practiced martial arts with his father,Huang Qiying,one of “Guangdong Ten Tigers”.
2 、賣武售藥(Performing Martial Arts And Selling Medicine)
At the age of 12,Huang Feihong's martial arts seemed very outstanding,and he began to follow his father to display the martial arts in Foshan,Guangzhou and Shunde.At the same time,they also sold herbal wine and “strong pills” and so on.Neighbours were happy to come to watch his performances because he had such extraordinary skills at his early age.Feihong's martial arts were different from those of ordinary martial arts performers.He was of speech and eloquence,far better than other people who wandered in the country.Every time the father and the son performed martial arts skills together,Qiying would beat gongs to gather audience,and Feihong would perform martial arts skills.
(This photo shows martial artists in Guangdong Province during the Qing Dynasty)
3、 風華正茂(Feihong’s Prime)
After fighting with Zheng Daxiong,a military commander in Guangzhou,Huang Feihong became famous as a “young hero”.Later,Feihong was lucky to meet Lin Fucheng,an outstanding disciple of Tie Qiaosan,who was the leader of “Guangdong Ten Tigers”.Under his guidance,Feihong learned Tie Qiaosan’s stunning iron-line boxing and Lin Fucheng's stunning flying top.His martial arts were even better.From then on,Huang Feihong set up a martial museum located at Leshan Martial Club in Guangzhou.At that time,Huang Qiying felt that he was getting older and that it was not a good idea to make a living by performing martial arts in the street every day,in rainy or blazing days.Therefore,in 1872,with the help of some copper-smiths and blacksmiths,Huang Feihong set up a martial arts hall near the Seventh Fushuijiao in Guangzhou,called “Wuben Martial Club”.Afterwards,the famous Huang Feihong was hired as a martial arts coach by the three hurdle lines (fruit hurdle,vegetable hurdle,fish hurdle).
At the age of 22,Huang Feihong set up a martial arts hall near Huilan Bridge in Sai Kwan,Guangzhou.Because Feihong was busy teaching martial arts skills to his disciples and treating wounds and injuries,his disciple Liang Kuan replaced him as the director of the three hurdles.Huang Feihong was once appointed Hu Cao (body guard) in a cricket-fighting court of Pingzheng Bridge in Foshan.And he was renowned for punishing the gangsters.
(Former site of Pingzheng Bridge in Foshan)
Huang Feihong began to serve in the army at 26.At that time,he was employed as a martial arts coach by the Navy of Qing Empire in Guangdong,and later he was admitted to the post of “Jingxun Flag Bearer” in Guangzhou General Residence.
At 29,Huang Feihong was hired by Wu Quanmei,a provincial military commander with no power in imperial China,and served as a tactical coach for the army.The martial arts hall,which was established at Huilan Bridge,was finally closed.
In 1886,Huang Feihong,aged 30,set up Bao Zhi Lin drug store on Ren'an Alley in the Thirteen Hongs of Guangdong and gave medicine to the poor and sick,and for this reason,Feihong was warmly praised by local people.
4 、赴臺(To Taiwan)
At the age of 38,Huang Feihong cured Liu Yongfu,general of the Black Flag Army,of his leg injuries for many years.Having long been an admirer of Feihong's superb martial arts and medical skills,Liu presented Feihong with a wooden plaque engraved with the words “Proficient in Medical Skills”,and hired him as a medical officer of the Black Flag Army,and at the same time,as the Fuzi Army's chief combat coach.
(Oil PaintingHuang Feihong Training the Black Flag Army by Lin Yongkang)
In 1894,Liu Yongfu led the army to Taiwan to fight against the Japanese aggression.It is said that Feihong also came to Tainan with the Fuzi Army.He trained the army to resist the invasion of the Japanese army and to defend the country.Actually,he can also be praised to be a national hero who tried to fight against Japan and to save the country.
In June 1895,Tang Jingsong,Governor of Taiwan,established himself as President of the “ Democratic Republic of Taiwan”,with the reign title of “Yongqing”.It is said that Feihong was appointed as the front general of the palace (Unfortunately,there is no exact historical evidence to support this).Subsequently,Li Hongzhang ordered officials to stop aiding Taiwan.The Qing Dynasty was weak and incompetent,and the whole situation was unfavorable for the War of Resistance.Finally,Liu Yongfu was defeated and had to leave Taiwan,and Huang Feihong returned to Guangzhou,quite disheartened.After suffering a major blow,he began to practice medicine,no longer openly set up a hall to teach martial arts.It is said that he once put up the notice on the wall of Bao Zhi Lin,saying:“Don’t try to find a martial art master here even if you pay a thousand pieces of gold.”
(The picture shows the content of the plague engraved with the words“Proficient in Medical Skills”)
5、 老年Huang Feihong's Old Age
In October 1924,Guangzhou National Government suppressed the rebellion of the Chamber of Commerce,destroyed houses in the Sai Kwan area,and burned Bao Zhi Lin in Ren'an Street.Huang Feihong became depressed and ill because all the money was gone and his eldest son lost his job.
On April 17,1925,Huang Feihong died in Fangbian Hospital in Western Guangzhou,aged 69.However,the descendants who were utterly destitute were even unable to hold a funeral procession and bury the deceased.Thanks to the financial assistance of the disciple Deng Xiuqiong,Feihong was finally buried at the foot of Baiyun Mountain.
(Fangbian Hospital in Western Guangzhou)